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Thread: Fungi

  1. #261
    “Mushroom Foraging” takes a look into the lives of different mushroom hunters. Follow along to learn about the ups and downs of this little-known trade.

    https://vimeo.com/556291217

  2. #262
    Fungi embrace fundamental economic theory as they engage in trading

    A research paper entitled "Walrasian equilibrium behavior in nature" is available online and will appear in an upcoming edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Ted Loch-Temzelides, a professor of economics and the George and Cynthia Mitchell Chair in Sustainable Development at Rice, examined through an economic lens data from ecological experiments on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi networks, which connect to plants and facilitate the trading of nutrients for carbon.

    Loch-Temzelides found that these relationships resemble how economists think about competitive - also known as Walrasian - markets. The paper demonstrates that Walrasian equilibrium, a leading concept in the economic theory of markets used to make predictions, can also be used to understand trade in this "biological market."

    "Far from being self-sacrificing, organisms such as fungi can exhibit competitive behavior similar to that in markets involving sophisticated human participants," Loch-Temzelides said.

    His finding also implies that resources are allocated to the maximum benefit of the market participants -- in this case, fungi and plants.

    "Mycorrhizal fungi networks around the world are estimated to sequester around 5 billion tons of carbon per year," Loch-Temzelides said. "Manipulating the terms of trade so that carbon obtained from host plants becomes less expensive compared to nutrients could lead to additional carbon being stored in the soil, which could provide major benefits in fighting climate change."

    https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_relea...-fef062921.php

  3. #263
    Nicolas Cage in ‘Pig’: Film Review

    The actor stars in Michael Sarnoski’s Oregon-set debut feature about an off-the-grid truffle hunter who returns to the city in search of his kidnapped foraging pig.



    https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/mo...g-2-1234976667

  4. #264
    Watch Out, Beyond Burgers—the Fungi Renaissance Is Here

    While the popular plant-based meats grab all the headlines, a much more humble foodstuff is poised to lead the next wave of alternative proteins.

    Fancy burgers might be the current stars of the alternative protein scene, but a much more humble foodstuff is getting ready for its moment in the spotlight. The fungi renaissance is here— and a clutch of startups are ready to take this much-misunderstood food to a whole new level.

    Turning fungi into protein isn’t novel. In the mid-1960s, a British movie mogul turned flour baron named J. Arthur Rank was looking for a way to turn all his excess wheat into protein for human consumption. Rank’s scientists analyzed more than 3,000 different fungi, but on April 1, 1968, they found what they were looking for in a compost heap in a village just south of High Wycombe in England. The fungus—later identified as *Fusarium Venenatum*—fitted Rank’s requirements perfectly. It grew easily in fermenters, turning into a relatively flavorless hunk of high-protein food called mycoprotein. By 1985 this mycoprotein was approved for sale, but the first products—a trio of savory pies—studiously avoided mentioning fungi on their packaging. Instead this mycoprotein was referred to by its brand name: Quorn.

    https://www.wired.com/story/fungi-renaissance-is-here/

  5. #265
    Researchers use DNA barcoding to test food products claiming to have ‘wild mushrooms’

    In a new study, researchers from the University of Utah (U) and the Natural History Museum of Utah (NHMU) used DNA barcoding techniques to test what mushroom species made up 16 food products that listed "wild mushrooms" on their labels. The authors sourced soups, dried mushrooms, powdered mushrooms, pasta sauces, and flavor enhancers from local grocery stores around Salt Lake City, Utah, and a large online retailer.

    They found 28 species of mushrooms across all 16 food products. Almost all products that claimed to have wild mushrooms consisted of cultivated species, including oyster, shiitake, or portabella mushrooms. Only five products had contents that were accurately described on the label, and some included species that likely have yet to be described in academic literature. One packet of dried wild mushrooms from the online retailer contained a species from a group of fungi that includes the "Death Cap," a notoriously poisonous mushroom known to cause renal failure in humans.

    https://www.news-medical.net/news/20...omse28099.aspx

  6. #266
    Stella McCartney channels mushrooms in trippy Paris show

    To make a point about the environment, Stella McCartney used the idea of a mushroom, nature’s valiant survivor. It was also a springboard for myriad hallucinogenic looks



    https://indianexpress.com/article/li...-show-7553993/

  7. #267
    Magic mushrooms: Scientists reveal why fungi can help rescue the planet from climate crisis

    Mushrooms and other fungi are a key weapon in the fight against climate change as they soak up carbon dioxide, provide a life support system for plants and can even replace polystyrene, according to scientists.

    https://www.sundaypost.com/fp/mushrooms-climate-crisis/

  8. #268
    Do Fungi Feast on Radiation?

    Apparently, but only if they contain melanin, the chemical that serves as skin pigment in humans

    More study is needed to confirm whether fungi will be able to add the ability to grow by harvesting radiation to their list of seeming superpowers, but it does raise the question of whether edible fungi—like mushrooms—have been harboring this function undiscovered for years. If true, melanin could be genetically engineered into photosynthetic plants to boost their productivity or melanin-bearing fungi could be used in clothing to shield workers from radiation or even farmed in space as astronaut food. The group plans further tests to see if fungi with melanin are converting other wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum into energy, as well.

    https://www.scientificamerican.com/a...ps-fungi-grow/

  9. #269
    Germany issues radioactive MUSHROOM warning–forests still plagued after Chernobyl disaster

    DECADES after the disaster at the Chernobyl power plant in the former Soviet Union, Germany has issued a warning that the effects of the fallout are still measurable according to the Federal Office for Radiation Protection.

    https://www.express.co.uk/news/scien...obyl-Radiation

  10. #270
    Epping Forest threatened by commercial mushroom pickers

    The City of London Corporation (CLC) said commercial foragers had been targeting the forest which poses a threat to biodiversity.

    It said the removal of mushrooms deprived animals such as deer of a food source.

    Ancient trees also rely on fungus to protect their roots, it added.

    The corporation, which owns and manages the forest, is warning the fungus pickers that they could be fined or prosecuted for gathering mushrooms, which are protected under Epping Forest byelaws.

    Thieves have been stealing up to 49kg of mushrooms from the ancient woodlands, the equivalent of several large bin bags - authorities claim.



    https://www.eppingforestguardian.co....hroom-pickers/
    https://www.mylondon.news/news/east-...stroy-21793249

  11. #271
    Fungi to offer natural solution to landslips?

    “It’s about replacing some of the harder engineering materials that we tend to use with greener biological alternatives,” Dr El Mountassir explained. “Instead of using shotcrete or ground anchors, this project will seek to develop ‘biological geotextiles’.”

    It is hoped that the fungal based geotextiles, which will be grown in situ, will act to reduce water infiltration into soils, which is one of the mechanisms responsible for slope failures following periods of heavy rain. Further the fungal mycelium will also act to bind soil particles together providing erosion control. Mycelium is already known to contribute towards binding of soils as they spread out searching for nutrients and food, however the study will look to find out whether they are resistant enough to water and environmental changes to protect infrastructure.

    https://projectscot.com/2021/10/fung...-to-landslips/

  12. #272
    The novel nucleoside analogue ProTide NUC-7738 from Cordyceps sinensis overcomes cancer resistance mechanisms in vitro and in a first-in-human Phase 1 clinical trial [ 09 - 2021 ]

    A new industry-academic partnership between the University of Oxford and biopharmaceutical company NuCana as found that chemotherapy drug NUC-7738, derived from Cordyceps sinensis , has 40 times greater potency for killing cancer cells than its parent compound.

    https://www.reddit.com/r/MushroomSup...otide_nuc7738/

  13. #273
    Mushrooms will definitely be more expensive next year

    At the beginning of October, the members of the Bund Deutscher Champignon- und Kulturpilzanbauer (BDC) e.V. met for their annual conference in Berlin. About 130 participants growing cultivated mushrooms exchanged views on current developments in the industry. Sponsors as well as suppliers from the Netherlands and Poland were present as well. Laura Lafuente, Managing Director of the German Vegetable Growers' Association and the BDC, spoke to us about the mood within the industry and shared why mushroom prices will rise in the coming year.

    https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9...ive-next-year/

  14. #274
    Nammex achieves breakthrough in mushroom cultivation

    After three years of research and development, Nammex – an organic mushroom extract ingredient supplier – has achieved a breakthrough: Close to 80 tons of fresh Trametes versicolor, commonly known as turkey tail, have been cultivated and harvested for commercial purposes this year.

    https://www.freshplaza.com/article/9...m-cultivation/

  15. #275
    TOP 10 AGRICULTURAL ROBOTS REVOLUTIONIZING FARMING IN 2021

    Agricultural robots are assisting thousands of food production companies to meet growing market demands.

    Ecorobotix - The robot uses its complex camera system to target and spray weeds.

    Energid Citrus Picking System - The robot uses low-cost picking mechanisms organized into a grid. The systems can pick a fruit every 2-3 seconds, making operations time-saving.

    Rubion - The machine can navigate through greenhouses or agricultural tunnels and detect and pick up ripe strawberries. The fruit is picked without bruising, and then the system weighs the pieces and places them in the designated box.

    SmartCore - autonomous robot that navigates the fields and takes samples from specific locations. Once the sample is taken, SmartCoire transports it to the edge of the field for shipment to a lab.

    Blue River LettuceBot 2 - attaches itself to a tractor to thin out lettuce fields and prevent herbicide-resistant weeds

    SwagBot - It can not only identify and eradicate weeds but also of monitoring pastures and crops.

    Mamut - Mamut moves through the farm to collect visual data and build maps to help farmers spot plant diseases, and also choose the optimum time to harvest.

    PrecisionHawk - Its drones are capable of ariel photography and agricultural mapping that helps the farmers to fulfill their crop scouting needs.

    FarmWise - FarmWise is an autonomous robot that uses AI-controlled mechanical parts to remove weeds.

    https://www.analyticsinsight.net/top...rming-in-2021/

  16. #276
    Mycorena Develops “World’s First” Fungi-Based Fat to Take Alt-Meat to the Next Level

    Most meat alternatives don’t contain the type of fat found in conventional meat, meaning they may struggle to achieve the right taste and texture. But Swedish company Mycorena says it has found a solution. Mycorena has used fungi to create a type of fat that behaves in the same way as animal fat, enhancing the flavour of alt-meat products.

    https://vegconomist.com/products-and...the-next-level

  17. #277
    Self-growing mushroom in-sole to help people with feet problems

    University design students have invented a revolutionary shoe in-sole made of mushrooms which people with foot problems could grow at home.

    The mushroom in-sole has electronic microprocessors that monitor the foot’s health through a corresponding app where they can do interactive feet exercises and prevent illness and injury.



    “The MyHeel project can take cardboard or sawdust, use a mushroom to grow a new insole, with reusable electronics inside, and the mushroom can be composted when the product ends its use,”

    “This is called a circular economy, and projects like MyHeel are able to take waste in the form of sawdust or cardboard and use it in new products."

    https://www.news.com.au/national/nsw...534ec5060ee425

  18. #278
    World’s vast networks of underground fungi to be mapped for first time

    Vast networks of underground fungi – the “circulatory system of the planet” – are to be mapped for the first time, in an attempt to protect them from damage and improve their ability to absorb and store carbon dioxide.

    Fungi use carbon to build networks in the soil, which connect to plant roots and act as nutrient “highways”, exchanging carbon from plant roots for nutrients. For instance, some fungi are known to supply 80% of phosphorus to their host plants.

    Many hotspots of mycorrhizal fungi are thought to be under threat, from the expansion of agriculture, urbanisation, pollution, water scarcity and changes to the climate.

    The new project, from the Society for the Protection of Underground Networks (SPUN), will involve the collection of 10,000 samples around the world, from hotspots that are being identified through artificial intelligence technology.

    Ten hotspots have been identified by the scientists involved, including: Canadian tundra; the Mexican plateau; high altitudes in South America; Morocco; the western Sahara; Israel’s Negev desert; the steppes of Kazakhstan; the grasslands and high plains of Tibet; and the Russian taiga.

    https://www.theguardian.com/science/...for-first-time

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