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  1. #1


    news in 2019 etc.

  2. #2
    Giorgio Fresh continues to innovate with mushrooms

    When it comes to variety, Giorgio works with a host of different conventional and organic mushroom offerings. These include white, brown and exotic mushrooms like oyster, shiitake, maitake and trumpet.

    “Innovation is very important to Giorgio. It is how we stay ahead of trends and take the company into the future,” Sagan said. “We’ve long been known for innovation in the industry and work hard to bring new ideas straight to the consumer.”

    For example, in the past year, the company launched blendabella and Savory Wild, two new flavors that have been popular with consumers. Savory Wild is made from portabella mushrooms and is a plant-based, healthy snacking solution in the on-trend jerky category. Made with whole food ingredients, Savory Wild is naturally gluten-free, low in calories and fat and packed with the antioxidant-rich mineral Selenium.

    “We spend a lot of time understanding today’s consumer and emerging trends in order to offer consumers what they want,” Sagan said. “Product development is important to us as it allows us to continue being a leader in innovation in the category. Consumers today lead very busy lives as they juggle work, daily lives and families. Offering products that offer convenience to the consumer is very important.”

  3. #3
    China: Vegetable prices stable but slightly lower than last year

    Yimutian market analyst Du Juan explained that the growing conditions for vegetables are generally quite good this summer. The overall market supply this year is better than last year. The supply of vegetables in north China is more abundant than in south China.

    There are two main reasons for this situation:

    first, the period of rain has not been that long yet. The weather is not as bad as the hot and moist summer last year when torrential rains damaged growing vegetables. The effect of current rainfall on production, harvest, and transport is not that big.

    Second, the new harvest of vegetables is only just beginning to supply the market. The weather is still quite suitable for vegetable production. The overall market supply is still sufficient. The changing weather conditions therefore have a limited effect on the price of vegetables.

  4. #4
    Fruit ads increase 7% in run up to Memorial Day

    Retailers planned for sweet success over the Memorial Day shopping period by increasing fruit ads by 7% over last week. Seedless watermelon was of course highest on the list, but the short cherry season was capitalized on this week as it was the second most advertised fruit. Strawberries, new crop peaches and nectarines, cantaloupes, mangoes, new crop grapes, berries, and pineapples gave the shopper plenty to choose from for fruit salads and cobblers.

    The total number of ads broken out by commodity groups: fruit 194,861 (55% of all ads), onions and potatoes 32,264 (9%), vegetables 122,216 (35%), herbs 1,102, and ornamentals 1,279. The number of ads for organic produce was 51,815, 15% of total ads.

  5. #5
    Denver just voted to decriminalize psychedelic mushrooms

    Denver will become the first US city to effectively decriminalize mushrooms containing the psychedelic psilocybin, also known as “magic mushrooms.”

    Initiative 301 makes the personal use and possession of psilocybin mushrooms among people 21 and older the lowest possible law enforcement priority in Denver. It also prohibits the city from spending resources to pursue criminal penalties related to the use or possession of psilocybin mushrooms among people 21 and older.

    And the initiative sets up “the psilocybin mushroom policy review panel to assess and report on the effects of the ordinance.”

    The initiative doesn’t legalize magic mushrooms; they remain illegal under state and federal law. And it doesn’t decriminalize or deprioritize enforcement against the distribution and sales of psilocybin mushrooms — all of that could still be pursued by police.

    Advocates for the measure argue that decriminalization would shift law enforcement resources away from pursuing nonviolent offenses. They claim that psilocybin is safe, nonaddictive or close to nonaddictive, and that a growing body of evidence suggests the drug has therapeutic benefits for illnesses ranging from depression to end-of-life anxiety to addiction.

    Opponents worry that decriminalization could lead to more drug use. Especially in Denver, they’re concerned that decriminalization could perpetuate the city’s reputation as “a drug-friendly city,” Jackson Barnett reported for the Denver Post. Critics also point out psilocybin does have some risks — particularly, experts say, the possibility of accidents and traumatic experiences that can be psychologically damaging (especially among people predisposed to mental illness).

    One potential source of real-world evidence on this: Portugal. After the country decriminalized all drugs, it saw a decrease in drug-related deaths and drops in reported past-year and past-month drug use, according to a 2014 report from the Transform Drug Policy Foundation. But it also saw an increase in lifetime prevalence of drug use, as well as an uptick in reported use among teens after 2007.

  6. #6
    Major UK university ushers in new era of psychedelic research

    Imperial College London, a public university in the UK, has announced the launch of the Imperial Centre for Psychedelic Research, the first psychedelic research effort to launch at a major academic institution. This is a milestone moment for psychedelic research, which has historically been restricted by laws against these substances. Despite restrictions, a growing body of psychedelic research has revealed a number of potential mental health benefits.

    Imperial College London’s new Centre is the first formal psychedelic research center in the world, and it’ll be led by Dr. Robin Carhart-Harris. According to an announcement by the university, the Centre will focus on the use of psychedelics in reference to mental health treatment and as ‘tools to probe the brain’s basis of consciousness.’

    The university has already dabbled in psychedelic research; it was behind a major clinical trial that investigated psilocybin as a treatment for depression. The Centre will look beyond typical mental health conditions, however, to also explore potential treatments for issues like anorexia.

    FDA gives green light to psilocybin trials for treating depression
    The United States Federal Drug and Food Administration (FDA) gave British life sciences start-up Compass Pathways the go-ahead for clinical trials using the psychedelic substance psilocybin to treat treatment-resistant depression (TRD), according to a statement from the company.

    Researchers believe psychedelic drugs could combat depression and addiction. Here's how magic mushrooms affect your brain.
    The tide began to turn over the summer, when a little-known startup backed by Silicon Valley tech mogul Peter Thiel churned out enough of the active ingredient in magic mushrooms to send 20,000 people on a psychedelic trip. It was part of a larger research effort by the company, called Compass Pathways , to study how psychedelic drugs could be used to treat depression.

    What's the deal with microdosing?
    Microdosing involves taking a 10th of the recreational dose of psychedelic drugs such as LSD (which is the most commonly microdosed drug) and psilocybin, more widely known as magic mushrooms.
    Its proponents say that, while a regular dose of LSD can powerfully alter your mood and cognitive processes, and cause hallucinations, small doses can heighten alertness and creativity and can help with things such as stress, anxiety and even PMT.

  7. #7
    Tracking Organized Truffle Crime in Italy

    Accept no substitute. That’s possible for gourmets, but not ordinary diners who can’t tell a worthless Tunisian truffle from the Piedmont variety retailing for $260 a pound.

    That’s where the Food and Health Crimes Division of Italy’s national police force comes in. More than 1,000 officers patrol the country’s restaurants, market stalls and loading docks for, say, Croatian truffles being passed off as the valuable Asti variety.

  8. #8
    Oakland City Council decriminalizes all "natural psychedelics" in landmark resolution

    Following last month's historic ballot initiative in Denver that effectively decriminalized psilocybin magic mushrooms, Oakland City Council has gone one step further passing a resolution decriminalizing the adult use of all entheogenic plants, including magic mushrooms, cactus and any natural materials used to produce ayahuasca.

    Unlike last month's landmark initiative in Denver, which specifically targeted psychedelic mushrooms, this broader resolution groups together a variety of plants and fungi under the banner of entheogenic plants or plant compounds.

    The term entheogen generally refers to psychoactive substances used in religious or spiritual contexts.

    Decriminalize California is one organization pushing for a ballot initiative to be entered for the upcoming 2020 state election. This initiative will only focus on a clear decriminalization of psilocybin mushrooms. Activists in Oregon are also working towards getting a similar state ballot initiative for the 2020 election.

  9. #9
    Mushroom haul a cash cow for pickers, buyers

    Following the wildfires, parts of the region have seen an explosion in mushroom growth, and the arrival of dozens of mushroom pickers.

    The main species sought by pickers is the morel, which looks like bulbous honeycombs and grow in burned areas. The ground in some areas, such as around Nadina Mountain is carpeted with morels.

    A good day of mushroom picking can yield at least 40 pounds of morels, which currently sell for $5-$6 a pound.

    Pickers can take them home and cook them up, but most sell them to buyers who have set up small camps for receiving, weighing and drying the mushrooms.

  10. #10
    The Protein That Makes People Black Is Helping Fungi Thrive in Chernobyl

    The Seattle scientist Jonathan Golob recently directed me to a fascinating 2008 paper by Ekaterina Dadachova and Arturo Casadevall. Posted on the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) website, it concerns how "fungi cope, adapt, and exploit [the intense radiation at the site of the greatest industrial accident of the 20th century, Chernobyl] with the help of melanin," the protein that makes people like me black.

    One amazing thing (to me) about the aftermath of Chernobyl is the soil mold (fungus) has learned not only to survive the intense radiation, but actually use it to grow and make more copies of itself. Multiple well-done papers have described the fungus seeking out and growing around particles of (still) radioactive graphite from the former reactor core.

  11. #11

  12. #12
    Ocasio-Cortez wants to lead the charge for magic mushrooms research

    AOC is on a new trip: studying—and potentially legalizing—magic mushrooms and other psychedelic drugs for medicinal use.

    “We need to get drugs and drug use out of criminal consideration and into medical consideration,” Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-Queens/Bronx) told The Post on Saturday, after an appearance at the Yemeni-American Day Parade in the Bronx.

    The progressive darling filed legislation Friday to encourage studies of psilocybin, ecstasy and other drugs that some believe could treat a range of ailments, from depression to headaches. Psilocybin is often referred to as magic mushrooms.

    Magic mushrooms could replace antidepressants within five years, says new psychedelic research centre
    Exclusive: ‘People on antidepressants long-term say they feel blunted, with psychedelic therapy it’s the opposite, they talk about an emotional release, a reconnection’

  13. #13
    PBH brings Chicago-based food and nutrition influencers to United Fresh

    As part of its influencer strategy and commitment to doubling its reach to connect with consumers, the Produce for Better Health Foundation is collaborating with United Fresh Produce Association to bring 10 influencers to the trade show floor on Tuesday, June 11.

    The group consists of retail and foodservice dietitians, influential food bloggers, renowned media RDs, nutrition consultants, and leaders from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the largest organization of food and nutrition professionals in the world.

    For many, this will be their first time experiencing the United Fresh Expo and connecting with the industry directly,” said Wendy Reinhardt Kapsak, president and chief executive officer of PBH.

    “Fruits and vegetables are at the center of dietitians’ plates, but to experience the show floor and make real-life connections can truly ignite powerful partnerships that can engage consumers in a meaningful way.”

  14. #14
    Underground Microorganisms Build Healthy Soil for a Cooler Planet

    I've learned that healthy soil is key to a healthy lawn and is a complex ecosystem. Healthy soil sequesters more carbon and is better able to absorb heavy rainfall and to remain moist during droughts. What makes healthy soil so amazing? Tiny creatures invisible to the naked eye.

    "There are millions of microorganisms in one teaspoon of healthy soil," said Cat Buxton, a compost consultant, soil health educator and cofounder of the coalition. Using a compound microscope at 400x magnification, she said, "you'd see bacteria, protozoa, nematodes, microarthropods and mycorrhizal fungi." These creatures feed on organic matter, creating humus that locks carbon in the soil, keeping it from escaping into the atmosphere.

    Mycorrhizae spores are particularly important to soil and plant health because they attach to mineral particles on roots and grow mycelium, a network of filaments, that aerate the soil and boost plants' ability to take up water and nutrients from humus.

    "Eighty percent of land plants have mycorrhizal relationships," wrote Jess Rubin by email.

    In Earth's 4.6 billion-year geologic history, "microbes showed up approximately 4 billion years ago, fungi 1.5 billion years ago and plants a half billion years ago," wrote Rubin. "Given this trajectory in evolution and succession, it makes sense that when we restore disturbed ecosystems, we partner with the original builders of the soil: microbes and fungi."

    As these microorganisms go about their business, they produce what Buxton lovingly calls "the goo, glue, snot and slime that literally holds our landscapes together." These biotic glues stick to plant roots to form soil aggregates that are hydrophobic — water can move around and even into them, but it can't pull them apart. In heavy rain, the soil acts like a sponge, absorbing water and staying put rather than washing away. In drought, aggregates help the soil retain moisture for longer periods of time.

  15. #15
    The future is fungus

    Fungi are good for a lot more than ruining tomato paste.

    With their ability to decompose and bind together, they could be a big part of a future where we make building materials and even clothes from waste.

    Tien Huynh is on the hunt for fungi that are up to the job.

    This talk was recorded at an Ockham's Razor Live event at the Royal Society of Victoria.

  16. #16
    Zombie ants: meet the parasitic fungi that take control of living insects

    This bizarre behaviour was first recorded by Alfred Russell Wallace in Indonesia in 1859, but was not researched in much detail until quite recently. It has since been discovered that the fungus disrupts the normal behaviour of the ant through chemical interference in the brain, causing the infected ant to behave in ways that will improve the opportunities for the fungus to spread its spores and so reproduce.

    The fungus grows throughout the body cavity of the ant, using internal organs as food while the ant’s strong exoskeleton serves as a kind of capsule, protecting the fungus from drying out, being eaten, or further infection.

    Cordyceps growing out of an ants head

    Definitive evidence of “zombie-ant” behaviour, dating to around 48m years ago, comes from fossilised leaves that show the distinct markings on either side of leaf veins left by the lock-jawed mandibles of infected ants. Not only is this association between ant and fungus evidently ancient, it is also very common – about 1,000 species of fungal parasites of insects have been discovered so far.

    Cordyceps infected ant from Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia

  17. #17
    Mushroom, and not charcoal tames poverty

    Forest products if well managed can easily alleviate poverty in the country as people of Kacheta Village in traditional authority Zulu in Mchinji, a village surrounded with burnt bricks houses with iron sheet roofs say.

    Residents of this village never cut trees to burn their bricks without replacing because they know that their lives rely on the trees.

    These people never wanted to use the tress to end poverty as others throughout the country do through charcoal burning which is a number one tool to climate change and an enemy of progress, rather they chose of starting mushroom farming which has changed their daily lives.

    Mushroom which is seasonal is usually found during rainy season but many people like it, it is also a non- timber forest product that does not require one to use other natural resources rather already used products like decomposed things.

    After learning that mushroom can be produced annually,people of this village start mushroom farming through National Association for Small and Medium Enterprises NASME which has helped them to be where they are today.

  18. #18
    Researchers Find a Fungus that Can Break Down Plastic in Weeks

    Researchers at the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Kunming Institute of Botany have found a fungus that could potentially help us to address the problem of non-biodegradable plastics. The fungus is able to break down waste plastics in a matter of weeks that would otherwise persist in the environment for years.

    Aspergillus tubingensis is typically found in soil, but the study found that it can also thrive on the surface of plastics. It secretes enzymes which break down the bonds between individual molecules and then use its mycelia to break them apart.

    Piece of plastic showing holes eaten by black fungal growth.

  19. #19

  20. #20
    Mushroom Council membership reallocated per AMS

    This rule affecting 7 CFR part 1209 is authorized under the Mushroom Promotion, Research and Consumer Information Act of 1990 (Act) (7 U.S.C. 6101-6112). This rule reallocates the membership of the council under the AMS regulations regarding a national research and promotion program for mushrooms. Administered with oversight by the USDA, this rule was recommended by the council after a review of the geographic distribution of the volume of mushroom production throughout the U.S. and the volume of imports. This rule revises the number of council members in two of the four geographic regions under the program. Visit for more information.

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